Accidents and Unintentional Injuries

Attendance statistics for accident and emergency departments provide an indication of both accidental and deliberate harm affecting young people and the magnitude of particular risk factors. Table 8.8 shows overall numbers by gender and category for Devon, highlight there were over 65,000 attendances for persons aged 0 to 19 in 2013-14. The pattern varies markedly by gender, with males much more likely to attend as a result of assault, a sports injury, and to a lesser extent a road traffic accident. Females are more likely to attend as a result of self-harm.

Table 8.8, Accident and Emergency Attendances in Devon by gender and category, persons aged 0 to 19, Devon, 2013-14

Patient Group Males Females Total
Road Traffic Collision 276 207 483
Assault 274 111 385
Deliberate Self-Harm 139 409 548
Sports Injury 2,769 963 3,732
Firework Injury 28 14 42
Other Accident 18,121 14,866 32,987
Other 10,628 10,452 21,080
Unknown 3,449 2,958 6,407
Grand Total 35,684 29,980 65,664

Source: Secondary Uses Service, Accident and Emergency Commissioning Dataset, 2014

Figure 8.6 displays the pattern by time of attendances by time of day for selected patient groups for 2011-12 to 2013-14. This highlights attendances due to sports injury are highest during the daytime peaking at 4pm. Road traffic collision attendances peak in the late afternoon. Attendance rates for deliberate self-harm increase through the day and peak between 11pm and 1am. Attendance rates for assault are highest from 12 noon to 4pm and peak again in the early hours.

Figure 8.6, Accident and Emergency / Minor Injury Unit Attendances in Devon for Selected Patient Groups and Hour, 2011-12 to 2013-14

Figure 8.6
Click to enlarge

Source: Secondary Uses Service, Accident and Emergency Commissioning Dataset, 2014

The figure below shows age-specific attendance rates for Devon by deprivation, highlighting attendances are particularly frequent for children, with the peak ages being 0 to 4, and 15 to 19. Attendances are also more likely in more deprived areas at all ages, highlighting the impacts of both social deprivation and age on attendance rates.

Figure 8.7, Accident and Emergency Attendances per 100,000 population by Age and Deprivation, Devon, 2013-14

Figure 8.7 A and E attendances per 100,000 by Age and Deprivation 2013-2014
Click to enlarge

Source: Secondary Uses Service, Accident and Emergency Commissioning Dataset, 2014

Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death amongst young people aged one to 14 years and causes more children to be admitted to hospital each year than any other reason. The Preventing Unintentional Injuries to Children and Young People in Devon Strategy highlighted some important issues and challenges (https://www.devonhealthandwellbeing.org.uk/health-and-wellbeing/lifestyles/unintentional-injuries/).

More up-to-date figures on emergency admissions from accidental causes for under-fives are included below. This highlights falls, exposure to inanimate objects and accidental poisoning are the leading causes of accidental injury.

Figure 8.8, Emergency Hospital Admissions from accidental causes in under-fives, Devon, 2008 to 2012

Figure 8.8
Click to enlarge

Source: Secondary Uses Service, Inpatient Commissioning Dataset, 2014